Jonas Bylemans's seminar

Tuesday 28 May 2019 dalle ore 11:00 am alle ore 12:00 pm

Room 6302 PRC Building

TITLE: The use of environmental samples for High-Throughput biodiversity monitoring: Current knowledge and future perspectives 

Jonas

ABSTRACT: Obtaining accurate inventories of species biodiversity is fundamental to gain a better understanding of ecological processes and to mitigate the impact of biotic and abiotic stressors. A diverse array of monitoring tools is available for biodiversity monitoring but conventional tools all require the physical capture of species and are often unsuitable for rare and cryptic species. In recent years, research has shown that by applying High-Throughput Sequencing technologies to DNA extracts from environmental samples (eDNA) highly detailed biodiversity inventories can be obtained. This approach, often referred to as eDNA metabarcoding, is highly suitable for the detection of rare and cryptic species and workflows allow for rapid processing of samples thus reducing labour and cost requirement. For aquatic biodiversity in particular metabarcoding has become a highly popular monitoring tool with current studies focussing on a wide range of taxa (i.e. ranging from plants to vertebrates). During this presentation I will outline the current knowledge and applications of eDNA metabarcoding. In particular, some of the activities undertaken within the EU Interreg project ‘Eco-AlpsWater’ will be highlighted which specifically aims to promote the implementation of these technologies into traditional monitoring surveys. Finally, I will discuss some of the current challenges and future perspectives.

SPEAKER: Jonas has a strong interest in the development and validation of genomic technologies to help improve our understanding and management of our natural resources. He obtained a master of science in Biology at the University of Leuven (Belgium) after which he moved to Australia where he obtained his doctoral degree at the University of Canberra. He has recently joined the Fondazione Edmund Mach to work as a researcher within the Eco-AlpsWater project under supervision of Dr. Nico Salmaso.

HOST: Nico Salmaso